James Gignilliat (1746-1794)
Charlotte Pepper (1748-1803)

1746 July 30. James Gignilliat was born to John Gignilliat and Mary duPre in St. John’s Parish, Berkeley County, South Carolina.

1766 May 18. At age twenty he married Charlotte Pepper (1748-1803) of St. Andrew’s Parish, Berkeley, daughter of Daniel and Mary Pepper. When the Revolutionary War started, James and his family were in St. John’s parish, which he thought of as too exposed to the fighting. He moved his family to a place on Broad River, owned by John Heyward, Jr., called Tickton Hall. His family stayed there until the war was over. He would visit them while on leave from military service.

1767-1791 The couple had ten children: James, Jr. (1767-1806), Gilbert (1768-1815), Mary Magdalen (1769-1805), Elizabeth ( - ), Charlotte ( - ), Henry ( - ), Sarah Evelyn ( - ), John May ( - ), and Margaret Pepper (1791-1862). [In 1813 Margaret Pepper Gignilliat would marry John Farquhar Trezevant (1791-1821).]

1776 James Gignilliat was named Justice for the Beaufort District, South Carolina, and Commissioner of Peace at the reorganization of the General Assembly of South Carolina, March-April 1776. [Kenan, p. 19]

1776 While there is no hard proof that James Gignilliat served in the Revolutionary War, there is persuasive evidence that he did and that he was an officer either in the South Carolina Continental Army or in the South Carolina Militia. [Kenan, p. 20].

1782 Gignilliat moved his family and slaves to Georgia, where he purchased extensive land on Buro Neck. He settled on an island rice plantation which he called Contentment. Both plantations were in McIntosh County.

1788 In Georgia he continued his public service and became a member of the Georgia House of Representatives.

1794 March 12. At age forty-eight James Gignilliat died at his home Contentment in McIntosh County, Georgia, where he is buried.


FOOTNOTE

1974 It was announced in the Gignilliat News of 1974 that Thomas McCutchen Gignilliat of Seneca, S.C., had given portraits of James and Charlotte, by Henry Benbridge [1743-1812], to the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. The Foundation, in honor of James and Charlotte agreed to establish a $50,000 Scholarship Fund for eligible descendants of Huguenot progenitors having settled in North America by 28 November 1687. The Fund is administered by the South Carolina Historical Society. The paintings of James and Charlotte were appraised at a sum in excess of one hundred thousand dollars. [Kenan, p. 22]

James Gignilliat

James Gignilliat
(Click image to enlarge)

James Gignilliat

James Gignilliat
(Click image to enlarge)

Charlotte Pepper Gignilliat

Charlotte Pepper Gignilliat
(Click image to enlarge)

 


They [the images] were taken from Henry Benbridge (1743-1812): American Portrait Painter, pp. 34-35) [Lavelle research]. The captions read as follows:

James Gignilliat oil on canvas James Gignilliat, a descendant of a Swiss family, was born in South Carolina on 30 August 1746. He married Charlotte Pepper on 8 May 1766. In 1776, the South Carolina Provincial Congress appointed him “Justice in the Commission of the Peace” for Beaufort District. Following the American Revolution he moved to a plantation, “Contentment,” near Darien, Georgia, where he died 12 March 1794.

Mrs. James Gignilliat oil on canvas Mrs. Gignilliat was born Charlotte Pepper in what is now Berkeley County, South Carolina, on 17 November 1748. She was the daughter of Daniel Pepper and Sarah Evelyn. She married James Gignilliat at St. Helena’s Parish on 8 May 1766. She died 7 September 1803.


SOURCES

Kenan, Robert Gignilliat. History of the Gignilliat Family of Switzerland and South Carolina. Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1977: pp. 16, 19-22.

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